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United States intends to create genetically modified people

The National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine submitted a report which conceded lifting the ban on the creation of genetically modified people in the future.

However, in this case, it will not be allowed to improve human traits or abilities, but only to correct mutations that contribute to the occurrence of serious hereditary diseases. This is reported by Medicalxpress.

At present, a number of countries have a ban on the creation of human embryos with edited DNA. In case of removal of the ban, the experts proposed a number of recommendations, which scientific and medical centres would have to follow.

First of all, there can be a modification of a genome if the genetic disease cannot be fought by any other method. Second of all, genome editing should be applied only to those genomes, which are undoubtedly connected with a hereditary disorder.

In addition, there is a need for close monitoring of clinical trials as well as availability of sufficient data on the benefits and possible risks of DNA intervention.

Scientists also believe that general public should participate in discussions on ethical and legal issues of human genome editing. This will help to establish international standards for the use of genetic engineering, which, in turn, will avoid the abuse of technology.

Some scientific institutions are currently carrying out DNA-altering experiments, but they are limited by the interference of somatic (non-sexual) cells in a genome. For instance, Chinese scientists had modified immune cells, which were then introduced to a cancer patient. Such changes are not inherited, so it affects only one person without affecting his offspring.

Source: rusvesna.su

  • February 21, 2017 5:22 PM MSK
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